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Alternating Viewpoints in Fiction

Don’t know about you, but I was absolutely riveted by Gillian Flynn’s Gone Girl. Told in the alternating points of view of Amy and Nick, a childless couple married five years this creepy, plot- twisting novel kept my attention till the last page. Then there is The Silent Wife, by A.S.A Harrison. Here, another childless couple, though older, Jodi and Todd, go about their lives in alternating chapters, in mutual misunderstanding, evasion and outright deception. Like Flynn’s novel, murder is committed, and the characters are less than attractive. But their actions are understandable, and the plot-twisting ending is remarkably satisfying. Now I’ve just read a brand-new book with alternating viewpoints. It is Principles of Navigation, by Lynn Sloan. (Fomite, Burlington VT. 2015) Set in 1998-9, the book begins with the protagonist, Alice, desperately trying for a baby with her husband, Rolly. They’ve been trying for three years and Rolly refuses to get medical intervention. Alice appears to believe that the new millennium will give them a child and a new chance at happiness. The novel is told in the alternating viewpoints of Alice and Rolly and shows their disintegrating relationship as the months wear on. Interestingly to this reader the character of the husband, Rolly, is much more appealing. He has flaws and failures as a husband, but he hurts, he changes, and we care about him. The character of the wife, Alice, becomes harder and more alienating as time goes on. Her behavior drives the plot. Or rather, he makes a move, she resists. Like a chess game, each acts according to what pushes them forward, even as each is unaware of their most profound motivations.  In life, we propel ourselves forward according to often unconscious instructions. Perhaps the title, Principles of Navigation, refers to this blind drive to reproduce, as locked into our genes as any other creature’s, and we push onward upstream against all obstacles,  like the salmon when they spawn.

Organic On A Budget

Organic On A Budget The Feast Nearby by Robin Mather (Ten Speed Press, 2011) Wildly Affordable Organic by Linda Watson (Da Capo Press, 2011) What happened to the old domestic skills of cooking to a budget and eating food that has not been contaminated with pesticides? Is it even possible to do that now? While we say they want to eat a healthier diet, we tend to believe this option is only for the well-off. Really? Food writer Robin Mather felt that the locavore food movement was perceived as being for the “foodie elite,” when in truth it is how our ancestors always ate, and she wrote a book to prove how she lived on a food budget of $40 a week. And that was in Michigan, surrounded by snow for five months a year. Mather, a food writer for the Chicago Tribune, found herself without an income when she simultaneously lost her job and her husband. She retreated to live alone in a vacation cabin on Lake Michigan, and there began an experiment in frugal living. She chronicles this year long journey-in-place in a marvelous book, The Feast Nearby. She canned, froze, baked, and bartered to fill her larder.  One has to admire her fortitude as she faced financial misfortune, and the surprising richness of spirit she found within herself.  She’s written a series of essays and recipes. If you’re interested in actually measuring how to stretch your food dollars, meal by meal, Linda Watson’s Wildly Affordable Organic by Linda Watson, sets out to show readers how to “Eat Fabulous Food, Get Healthy and Save the Planet All on $5 a Day or Less.” “Food evangelist” Linda Watson believes in eating a vegetarian diet, based on plants that have been raised organically. Her book is not so much about eating locally as about eating well on an extremely limited budget. She decided to experiment for a year, buying and cooking on the monthly food stamp allowance of $1.53 a meal. She bought at chain supermarkets and state farmers’ markets. She “scoured old cookbooks and interviewed older cooks,” and changed her cooking style to make use of bulk and seasonal purchases. With her new shopping list she tested her budget at Whole Foods and found she could still cook at less than $2 a meal. The book includes shopping lists and price comparisons. The result is a charming how-to manual filled with satisfying recipes. Each of these books offers the following principles to shop by: -Buy bulk staples of flour and rice. -Reduce or eliminate meat in the diet. -Buy fresh fruit and vegetables in season and in bulk. -Learn to preserve food safely by canning and freezing. -Save on gas or electricity by using the oven to cook several things at once, cook more than you need and freeze extra. -Make simple food elegant by the use of garnishes. -Vary your diet by exchanges, as in the potluck party. -Eat with others. You’ll talk more and eat less.

Crafters Caring for Koalas

Everyone loves koalas. They look adorable, or perhaps we think that because so many toy koalas nestle on childish pillows. They are in fact gentle quiet creatures. They live in eucalyptus trees in my native Australia, sleep most of the time, and move slowly. So when bushfires ravaged the state of South Australia at the beginning of January, many of these animals were trapped, or, trying to escape, burned their paws. Rescuers found infant koalas clinging to burned trees and crying for their mothers. Volunteers in animal shelters made cotton paw protectors for the little marsupials. The idea was to help the burn cream applied by veterinarians to stay on so the burns would heal faster. Then, the International Fund For Animal Welfare put out a appeal for more mittens. It published a template for making the mittens from 100 percent cotton. Within days, there were mittens sent from all over the world. A week later,  the IFAW said, “Enough already!”  And asked animal lovers who could  sew to make pouches for baby kangaroos (“joeys”) whose mothers were dead or injured in the fires. Joeys can use up to six cotton pouches a day. Think diapers and you have the idea.  You can find detailed instructions on how to sew joey pouch liners at the IFAW’s website here.